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河北工业大学
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基于图像处理的玉米收割机导航路线检测方法.

Title: 基于图像处理的玉米收割机导航路线检测方法.
Alternate Title: Detection method of navigation route of corn harvester based on image processing.
Language: Chinese
Authors: 梁习卉子1,2 liangxihuizi-lxhz@163.com
陈兵旗1 fbcbq@163.com
姜秋慧1
朱德利1
杨明1
乔妍1
Source: Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering. Nov2016, Vol. 32 Issue 22, p43-49. 7p.
Document Type: Article
Author-Supplied Keywords: agricultural machinery ; crops ; image processing ; known point Hough transform ; vision navigation ; 作物 ; 农业机械 ; 图像处理 ; 导航线检测 ; 过已知点 Hough 变换 ; agricultural machinery ; crops ; image processing ; known point Hough transform ; vision navigation ; Language of Keywords: English; Chinese
Abstract (English): In a corn field with an unstructured environment, for the images collection by monocular vision, conventional path recognition algorithms are difficult to guarantee their robustness due to illumination variation, background reflection, shadow noise, and so on. In addition, the increase of the calculation amount of the algorithms caused by the complicated background information of the corn field environment affects the quickness and the real-timeliness of the corn harvester autonomous navigation, which leads to the difficulty of meeting the requirement for the operation efficiency of the corn field harvester and impedes the practical application of the mobile robot technology in agricultural production. The significant premise of visual navigation for a corn harvester is the precise and rapid detection of the navigation route. Unfortunately, some interferences will affect the extraction of the navigation route and the judgment for the edge of the corn field due to the corn shadow and weeds. The vision navigation has many technical advantages of adapting to the complicated field operating environment, has wide detection range, and has rich and complete information. This paper put forward the detection algorithms of the operation routes of the corn harvester and the judgement of the end of the corn field by analyzing the different color features of the visual navigation image. Here we studied the region of interest where lies the target straight line. To improve the rapidity of the navigation path recognition and meet the real-time requirements of autonomous navigation operations, for the color characteristic of the corn field environment, the clustering segmentation of the image was performed based on the analysis of red (R), green (G) and blue (B) components to achieve the respective clusters of the path and the corn field information. We used these color components to extract the target features of the inner and outside of the corn field respectively, and smooth the image using the moving average method with the set length. First, to remove the shadow interference of the corn columns, we compared the G component and the B component of a color image and smoothed the image using the moving average method. For the first frame, we used the distribution of the G component to find the alternate point; for other frames, we connected them with the previous frame to calculate the skew angles of the target line. Then, we extracted the navigation routes based on the Hough transform passing a known point. At last, it would be determined whether the corn harvester reached the end automatically according to the continuous mutation of the R component. The test proved that the processing time of detecting line was 50.1 ms per frame and the detection of the end was accurate and reliable, which could meet the demand of the real operation of a corn harvester in the field. It can be concluded that the navigation routes are extracted and the edge of the corn field is judged accurately, which satisfy the requirement of the practical application of the corn harvester in the field. In addition, the work can also provide the reference for the vision navigation routes' detection of sorghum and some high pole crops with mechanized harvesting. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Abstract (Chinese): 快速精准的检测出导航路线并对田端做出准确判断是收割机视觉导航的前提。为解决玉米收割机导航作业过程中因玉米列阴影、玉米田端的杂草等因素对检测精度干扰的问题,该文通过分析视觉导航图像的颜色特征去除阴影干扰,对玉米收割机提取导航作业路径和判断田端提出了检测算法。为减少计算量,设定关注区域作为非第一帧图像的处理范围;为去除玉米列阴影对检测结果造成的干扰,强调关注区域内G(绿色)分量并减弱R(红色)或B(蓝色)分量;为加快处理速度,采用跳行累计G分量的方式确定候补点。在关注区域内对图像中去除阴影干扰后的G分量垂直累计值查找候补点,对图像上半部分收敛性好的候补点通过方差计算确定出已知点,再利用过已知点Hough变换拟合出玉米列边界所在的导航线。最后采用R分量的连续突变判断收割机是否到达田端。田间试验表明:目标直线的平均检测时间为50.13 ms/帧,对田端的检测准确可靠,满足玉米收割的作业要求。该研究成果也适用于高粱等其它高杆作物的机械化收获应用。 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
(Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
Author Affiliations: 1中国农业大学工学院,北京 100083 ; 2石河子大学机械电气工程学院,石河子 832003
ISSN: 1002-6819 (Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR)
PageCount: 43-50
volume: 32
issue: 22
issn: 10026819
pubdate: 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2016.22.006
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