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河北工业大学
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基于图像特征点粒子群聚类算法的麦田作物行检测.

Title: 基于图像特征点粒子群聚类算法的麦田作物行检测.
Alternate Title: Crop rows detection based on image characteristic point and particle swarm optimization-clustering algorithm.
Language: Chinese
Authors: 姜国权1
杨小亚1
王志衡1
刘红敏1
Source: Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering. 2017, Vol. 33 Issue 11, p165-170. 6p.
Document Type: Article
Author-Supplied Keywords: 作物行检测 ; 图像处理 ; 最小二乘法 ; 算法 ; 粒子群优化 ; 聚类 ; algorithms ; clustering ; crop rows detection ; image processing ; least squares ; particle swarm optimization ; 作物行检测 ; 图像处理 ; 最小二乘法 ; 算法 ; 粒子群优化 ; 聚类 ; Language of Keywords: English; Chinese
Abstract (English): In order to extract the crop rows of wheat quickly and accurately, a new method of wheat crop row detection was proposed based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) - clustering. The first step is image segmentation. The purpose of image segmentation was to separate the green plants from background, and it required the following 2 steps: Firstly, gray-level transformation, which could be done in RGB color space. In this paper, the color excess green index 2G-R-B was used; Secondly, image binarization was conducted. Among the global thresholding techniques for image binarization, Otsu method is one of the best threshold ways. So, this paper used Otsu algorithm to binarize the above obtained gray-level image. In order to reduce the burden of the next work, it was essential to extract a number of feature points indicating the crop rows. The specific algorithm can be divided into 2 steps: Firstly, get the left and right boundary points of each crop row. Secondly, extract the midpoint between left and right boundary points. After the original crop image was processed by the above steps, we got the feature points of the crop rows. According to the characteristics that the distances from the feature points around the crop row centreline to this straight line were all smaller than a certain distance threshold, we used the clustering method based on PSO to determine the real center points indicating crop rows. In the crop rows detection algorithm based on the PSO-clustering, the line in the data space composed of the feature points was considered as a particle. Finally, the centrelines were detected by fitting a straight line with the least square method. In order to prove the superiority of the algorithm, we compared the algorithm with standard Hough transform and the algorithm proposed in another literature. We tested the performance from the aspects of the detection accuracy and processing time for different images. Here, a total of 350 images have been tested. The number of the wheat images in overwintering stage was 197 and the number of the wheat images in green stage was 153. For the algorithm proposed in this paper, the number of the wheat images in overwintering stage successfully detected was 190 and that in green stage successfully detected was 143. Comparatively speaking, for the algorithm with standard Hough transform, the numbers of the wheat images in overwintering and green stage that were successfully detected were 180 and 100, respectively. For the algorithm proposed in another literature, the numbers were 168 and 93, respectively. Three representative pictures were selected in the experiment, which included the different environment i.e. the lack of crops, soil block, and high density weed. For the 3 images, the identification errors of the proposed algorithm were 0.631 0°, 0.773 5° and 1.065 7°, respectively. The identification errors of the standard Hough were 0.968 3°, 2.715 8° and 4.463 3°, respectively. The identification errors of the algorithm proposed in another literature were 2.260 5°, 1.531 9° and 5.829 1°, respectively. Therefore, compared with the other 2 algorithms, the proposed algorithm has the advantages of high real time and high accuracy, which can meet the practical requirements of field operation of agricultural robots. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Abstract (Chinese): 为了快速准确地提取麦田作物行中心线,提出了基于图像特征点粒子群聚类算法的麦田作物行检测。首先,对 自然光照下获取的彩色图像运用“过绿颜色因子图像灰度化”、“Otsu 图像二值化”、“左右边缘中间线检测提取作物行特 征点算法”3 步对图像进行预处理。然后,根据农田作物行中心线周围区域的特征点到该直线的距离均小于某一距离阈 值的特征,运用粒子群优化算法对每一作物行的特征点分别进行聚类。最后,对每一类的特征点用最小二乘法进行直线 拟合获取麦田作物行中心线。试验结果表明,该算法可以对作物断行、杂草、土块等复杂农田环境下的图像进行有效地 作物行检测,识别率达95%,识别误差小于3°。与标准Hough 算法相比,运行速率提升了一倍。该文可为实现农业机器 人田间作业提供参考。 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
(Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
Author Affiliations: 1河南理工大学计算机科学与技术学院,焦作 454000
ISSN: 1002-6819 (Sherpa/RoMEO, JCR)
PageCount: 165-171
volume: 33
issue: 11
issn: 10026819
pubdate: 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2017.11.021
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