A Comparison of Coverbal Gesture Use in Oral Discourse Among Speakers With Fluent and Nonfluent Aphasia.
|Title:||A Comparison of Coverbal Gesture Use in Oral Discourse Among Speakers With Fluent and Nonfluent Aphasia.|
|Authors:||Kong AP; Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Central Florida, Orlando.
Law SP; Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Hong Kong.
Chak GW; Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Hong Kong.
|Source:||Journal Of Speech, Language, And Hearing Research: JSLHR [J Speech Lang Hear Res] 2017 Jul 12; Vol. 60 (7), pp. 2031-2046.|
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Journal Info:||In Process|
|Imprint Name(s):||: Rockville, MD : American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, c1997-|
|Abstract:||Purpose: Coverbal gesture use, which is affected by the presence and degree of aphasia, can be culturally specific. The purpose of this study was to compare gesture use among Cantonese-speaking individuals: 23 neurologically healthy speakers, 23 speakers with fluent aphasia, and 21 speakers with nonfluent aphasia. ; Method: Multimedia data of discourse samples from these speakers were extracted from the Cantonese AphasiaBank. Gestures were independently annotated on their forms and functions to determine how gesturing rate and distribution of gestures differed across speaker groups. A multiple regression was conducted to determine the most predictive variable(s) for gesture-to-word ratio. ; Results: Although speakers with nonfluent aphasia gestured most frequently, the rate of gesture use in counterparts with fluent aphasia did not differ significantly from controls. Different patterns of gesture functions in the 3 speaker groups revealed that gesture plays a minor role in lexical retrieval whereas its role in enhancing communication dominates among the speakers with aphasia. The percentages of complete sentences and dysfluency strongly predicted the gesturing rate in aphasia. ; Conclusions: The current results supported the sketch model of language-gesture association. The relationship between gesture production and linguistic abilities and clinical implications for gesture-based language intervention for speakers with aphasia are also discussed.|